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is an organic compound that is widely used as an herbicide.
406.8°C at 760 mmHg
7.91E-07mmHg at 25°C
It is a derivative of aniline and is a member of the chloroacetanilide herbicides.It is highly effective toward grasses but its application is also controversial.
Its acts by inhibition of elongases and of the geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) cyclases, which are part of the gibberellin pathway. It is used for grass and broadleaf weed control in corn, soybean, peanuts, sorghum, and cotton. It is also used in combination with other herbicides.
Metolachlor is a popular herbicide in the United States. Metolachlor is becoming less and less common. As originally formulated metolachlor was applied as a racemate, a 1:1 mixture of the (S)- and (R)-stereoisomers. The (R)-enantiomer is inactive, and modern production methods afford only (S)-metolachlor, thus current application rates are far lower than original formulations.