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is an herbicide.
376.1°C at 760 mmHg
7.41E-06mmHg at 25°C
Fluazinam is a protectant fungicide, but is neither systemic or curative. It acts by inhibiting the germination of spores and the development of infection structures. Although it has activity against many fungi, it is less potent against rusts and powdery mildew and as such has not been commercialised for use in cereal crops. It is widely used to control late blight (P. infestans) in potato due to its activity against the zoospores of the pathogen which makes it particularly effective at controlling infection of the potato tubers. Despite its common usage to control late blight, there are no reports of resistance to fluazinam appearing in P. infestans. Fluazinam is also used to control Sclerotinia on peanuts and turf, Botrytis on grapes and beans and clubroot in brassicas.
The acute oral median lethal dose in rats is very low at over 5000 mg/kg due to the compounds reactivity with thiols. This reactivity has negative consequences as well though since repeated exposure can cause skin sensitisation and dermatitis to develop in some individuals. It also displays low toxicity to birds, bees and worms, but has a high toxicity to fish. The toxicity towards fish is considered to be relatively unimportant, however, since the compound has a very short half-life (c. 1 day) in aquatic systems.