Molecular formula: F2H5N
Molecular weight: 57.04
Melting Point: 125 °C(lit.)
Boiling point: 230 °C
Flashing point: 238°C
Density: 1,5 g/cm3
Soluble: 630 g/L (20 ºC)
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White Orthorhombic Crystal
loss on drying, %≤
Content of residue on ignition, %≤
Sulfate(base on SO4) content, %≤
Content of ammonium fluosilicate [(NH4)SiF6] , %≤
Ammonium hydrogen fluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula NH4HF2 or NH4F·HF. It is produced from ammonia and hydrogen fluoride. This colourless salt is a glass-etchant and an intermediate in a once-contemplated route to hydrofluoric acid.
Ammonium bifluoride, as its name indicates, contains a bifluoride, or hydrogen(difluoride) anion: HF2−. This centrosymmetric triatomic anion features the strongest known hydrogen bond, with a F−H length of 114 pm. and a bond energy greater than 155 kJ mol−1.
In solid [NH4][HF2], each ammonium cation is surrounded by four fluoride centers in a tetrahedron, with hydrogen-fluorine hydrogen bonds present between the hydrogen atoms of the ammonium ion and the fluorine atoms. Solutions contain tetrahedral [NH4]+ cations and linear [HF2]− anions.